ANNOTATED TABLE OF CONTENTS- TechKnowLogia VOL. 2, ISSUE 2, March/April 2000





     1. Is the Divide Digital

     Wadi D. Haddad, Editor


     There is now a genuine concern about the "digital divide." But narrowing the divide - publishing a newspaper in

     every village, placing a radio and TV in every household, putting a computer in every classroom, and wiring every

     building to the Internet - does not automatically solve the problem. The most serious

     divide is in the extent and quality of human knowledge and learning.


     2. Email to the Editor


     Read what your colleagues have offered as feedback on the last three issues of TechKnowLogia.




     3. Why be Wired? The Importance of Access to Information and Communication Technologies

     Kerry Stephen McNamara, Senior Knowledge Management Officer, World Bank Institute


     Access to information and communication technologies and the ability to adapt those technologies to local needs is

     no longer a luxury; it is a necessity. This article outlines the scope of the problem, how to tackle it, how to ensure

     improvements in the lives of the poor and what the international community can do.


     4. Measuring up Access

     Prepared by Lesley Anne Simmons, Communications Officer, Global Knowledge Partnership Secretariat, World

     Bank Institute


     This article presents data on the degree to which the people of most countries of the world have access to the

     tools and skills of the information age.


     5. Rural Access: How Can Connectivity Contribute to Social and Agricultural Development?

     Don Richardson, Ph.D.,TeleCommons Development Group


     Telecommunication services are important "lubricants" for rural and agricultural development, and while they are

     not a development panacea, their contribution can be significant where they are available.


     6. TechKnowNews


     Tony Blair Focuses on Learning as Key to Digital Economy � Asia's IT Revolution Exposes Serious Skills

     Shortage � Multipurpose Community Telecenter in Africa � Need Fuels Continued Growth of Corporate

     Universities � Internet Use in Asia to Explode by 2005

     � New Internet Training Materials Available from ITrain � On-Line Debate on Global Poverty, Social Exclusion,

     Inequality � World Bank Group and SoftBank to Invest in Internet Enterprises for The Developing World




     7. FM Radio Stations: Broadcasting with the Sun

     David Walker, Educational Specialist, The Commonwealth of Learning


     This article describes community-based low powered FM radio stations, some powered by solar energy, and

     how they can be used successfully.


     8. Information Technology for the Masses: Can It Be TV?

     Claudio de Moura Castro, Chief Education Adviser, Inter-American Development Bank


     Technology follows the tracks of wealth. Television may be an exception. This article focuses on two cases from

     Brazil: Globo Rural and Pequenas Empresas e Grandes Negócios (Small Enterprises and Great Deals).


     9. School Connectivity: Wishful Thinking or Wise Action?

     Sam Carlson, Robert Hawkins, World Links for Development Program


     This article describes a pilot project in Uganda which links via the Internet secondary-level students and teachers

     around the world, in order to improve educational opportunities, develop youth employment skills for the 21st

     Century, and build global awareness and understanding.


     10. A High-Tech Twist: ICT Access and the Gender Divide Mary Fontaine, The LearnLink Project, Academy

     for Educational Development (AED)


     This article discusses a subset of the digital divide - a snapshot of a phenomenon that is emerging as an issue of

     substance in its own right: the gender divide.


     11. Grassroots Libraries: A Base for Lifelong Learning

     Aya Aoki, Adult Outreach Education Thematic Group, The World Bank


     Grassroots public library systems can serve as a powerful mean to promote literacy and a lifelong learning

     environment for both children and adults.

     Examples are provided.


     12. The Full Story: Full-Text Publications on the Web

     Gregg B. Jackson, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Coordinator, George Washington University


     The Internet is now the largest library in the history of the world. This article steers you to Internet sources that

     provide the full text of books, reports, journals, and newsletters.




     13. The Information Revolution and the Digital Divide: A Review of Literature

     Sonia Jurich


     The author reviews the literature in search of answers to the questions: Who benefits from the ICT revolution?

     Why is it so important to embrace the digital revolution? Is there no hope for those on the other side of the divide?


     14. e-Lectronic Access to Information: A Research Review

     Sonia Jurich


     Four summaries of research on the use of electronic documents for information seeking and retrieval.




     15. Korea: Can Edutopia Become a Reality?

     Insung Jung, Ph.D., Korea National Open University


     The author describes a national strategy of easy access to education by anyone at any time and place, and how

     Korea National Open University is implementing it.


     16. Open-Source Software: Untapped Opportunities?

     Rafael Chargel


     Open-source is the term used for designated software that is publicly available in source code form, rather than as

     final product. This article presents best known examples and outlines rationale, limitations and potential for

     developing countries.


     17. On the Move


     Upcoming Events: Conference, Seminars, Exhibits, Training Courses, etc.




     18. A Phone is a Phone is a Phone? …Well, Not Really!

     Sandra Semaan


     What are the types of wireless technologies and what can mobile phones do?


     19. WorthWhileWebs


     This article offers a selection of websites that make access to information and knowledge easy.




     20. High Speed Internet Access: The Future for the World and the Implications for Developing Countries

     Lawrence Wolff, Inter-American Development Bank


     The author summarizes the five options for Internet access, their costs and notes what appears to be most feasible

     for developing countries.


     21. Wake Up and Smell the Coffee....Remotely? The Internet Home

     Sandra Semaan


     A fully Internet enabled home: controlled via the Internet and accessible from anywhere.


     22. UNLP: Universal Networking Language Programme

     Sandra Semaan


     The article describes an electronic language for the Internet, which is being developed with the goal of enabling

     people from around the world to communicate in their native languages.




     23. The Global Knowledge Partnership

     Lesley Anne Simmons, Communications Officer, Global Knowledge Partnership Secretariat, World Bank



     GKP is an informal partnership committed to sharing information, experiences and resources, and to promoting

     broad access to, and effective use of, knowledge and information.


     24. InfoChange

     Jody Olsen, InfoChange Foundation


     InfoChange is a non-profit organization that helps move forward the goal that everyone should have access to

     information through technology, and that, without this access, basic education will remain limited.