DHS Report Puts Ethiopian Women’s Fertility Rate At 5.9, Growth Rate At 2.9 Per cent Annually
Addis Ababa, May 17 (WIC)- Ethiopia’s Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) for the year
2000, the first of its kind in the country has revealed that the current fertility rate of
Ethiopian women was 5.9 with infant mortality rate being 25 per cent.
According to the DHS report presented by the Central Static’s Authority at a one day Ethiopia
2000 DHS dissemination seminar here today an average of 5.9 fertility rate exceeds the 2.1
children per woman needed to maintain the alarming population growth of the country in the
“At current fertility levels, an Ethiopian woman will give birth to an average of 5.9 children, a
figure representing a decline of one-half child on average over the decade” the report said.
According to the report, fertility has declined in every age group with the highest decline for
women between the age of 45 and 49.
Fertility in rural areas, which is 6.4, is nearly twice of that in urban areas, the report said.
According to the report, the lowest average fertility rate (1.9) is in Addis Ababa while the
highest (6.4) is in Oromiya State.
Education had marked effect on fertility, with uneducated mothers having twice as many
children as women with some sort of secondary education, the report said.
The report said the knowledge of contraceptive methods is relatively high, although use of
contraception method is very low.
Concerning fertility rate, the report said that nearly one out of 10 babies born in Ethiopia did
not survive to celebrate his or her first birthday. It added that mortality had declined over
the last 15 years with the decline having become more pronounced over the last 10 years.
The report also revealed that on absolute majority of Ethiopian women and men had heard
The report announced that the current annual growth rate of the population of the country is
2.9 per cent.
Speaking at the opening of the Seminar, Dr. Kebede Tadesse, Minister in charge of Social
Affairs with the Prime Minister’s Office said “lack of information or ignorance about existing
health situations is like a time bomb which may explode when one is not prepared for it and
therefore unable to tackle it.”
He said users of information had responsibilities of being cautious while utilizing the data for
The Demographic and Health survey was conducted in randomly selected areas all over the
country with an outlay of about one million USD secured from the Government of Ethiopia,
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) UNFPA and technical assistance
of MACRO International.