Type of School Facilities

The School Does not Have

Total Sample Schools

N %

Bale

Schools

N %

Gondar

Schools

N %

Tigray

Schools

N %

Welaita

Schools

N %

Electricity

40

100

10

100

10

100

10

100

10

100

Water

33

83

8

80

5

50

9

90

10

100

Average Distance

From Water Source

2-4km

2-4km

<2km

<2km

2-4km

Playing Filed:

11

27

3

30

3

30

1

10

4

40

Teacher Housing*

38

95

8

80

10

100

10

100

10

100

Latrines:

27

68

5

50

10

100

7

70

5

50

Latrine Type:

Open:

 

Enclosed

Gender Separated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

10**

1

10

N/A

2

10

1

10

7

18

3

30

0

0

4

40

6

15

1

10

2

10

3

30

* Teacher housing considered non-existent if disrepair prevents use.

** Percentage of total schools in column.

In this study carried our in 1993, USAID also reports that the infrastructure of Ethiopian schools is uniformly poor. None of the sample schools possess electricity, but of greater import is that few can meet minimal sanitary conditions. Eighty-three percent of the schools do not have a source of water on the premises, necessitating, on average, a two-to-four –kilometer hike to fetch water, a task often performed by students. Twenty-five percent of the schools indicated their water source was located at a distance of more than four kilometers from the school. The majority of the schools also lack latrines. When they do exist, roughly half are enclosed and gender-separated.

 

Source: USAID, 1993