The National UN Volunteer Scheme recently set up by UNDP and the government of Ethiopia will prove instrumental in controlling brain drain, which was undermining the country's capacity building endeavors.
This [Brain drain] is a complex problem; there are no simple answers. Although Ethiopia can not control the “pull” factors that
contribute to the brain drain, it can do something about the “push” factors. For the sake of Ethiopia’s economic
development, the brain drain merits high level attention. As Mekelle University law student Abeba Tadesse commented
in her paper, the government of Ethiopia needs to take responsibility for addressing the problem. At the same time, she
emphasized that too many Ethiopians expect the government to do everything.
It is time Ethiopians start taking some responsibility themselves.
I would urge that this include those Ethiopians living in the diaspora.
Of course, the poor must seek their fortune where they can. There is a global shortage of nurses and the UK is not the only rich country raiding the developing world to shore up its tottering health system. But the consequence is that the world's most vulnerable countries are being cynically and deliberately hobbled, their hopes of solving their own problems shattered and their dependence on handouts from the developed world rendered inevitable for decades to come.
IOM country representative, Dr. Meera Sethi, told Walta that with only 485 specialists and 33 sub-specialists in the
country, Ethiopia has already lost more than a 3rd of its doctors. According to Dr. Sethi, between 1968-1996, every year
238 skilled individuals sent for scholarship did not return with 49 per cent of the total Ethiopian immigrants to the USA
being employed in professional or technical capacity.
In 1998 an estimated 700 Ghanaian physicians are said to have
been practicing in the USA alone, which makes a considerable percentage of the population of
doctors in the country. It is estimated that about 20,000 Nigerian academics are now employed in
USA alone and more than 300 Ethiopian physicians are working in Chicago, USA alone. Here, one
can emagine how much it means in the whole of the United States. According to research reports
prsented on an international conference concerning the issue of Brain Drain, Africa generally looses
over 20,000 intelectuals yearly. This is undoubtfully one of the main constraints of under development
in the continent. How long should Africa tolerate this?
We believe, in [this] the noble endeavour of increasing educational opportunities for fellow brothers and sisters, every able
Ethiopian and friend of Ethiopia (living in Ethiopia or abroad) must be given the chance to contribute. It is with this intention
that this note is circulated Participating in teaching on campus or through correspondence Participating in research programs;
Facilitating links with higher learning or research institutions Transferring appropriate technology to the University;
Facilitating donations/ free subscriptions of new books and current journals and more.
Addis Ababa University will facilitate administrative requirements.
How may the brain drain be reversed? I would start with the earliest groups of retirees. It would be unrealistic to
expect well established professionals who are in the middle of their career progressions, have young families, and not yet
comfortable with their levels of wealth accumulation to all of sudden pack it up and return to the country of their birth.
But those who have already gone through those life and career cycles may be enticed to do so. No matter how rich one
may be, western societies have no respect for old age, and promise of comfortable retirements in a society that accords
respect to chronological maturity could be natural enticement.
According to the United States Bureau of Census, migrants born in Africa have the highest level of educational
attainment in the United States when compared to other migrant groups like Asians, Europeans and Latin Americans.
Census figures for 1997 show that 48.9 percent of African migrants in the 25 years and over age bracket have a Bachelor's
Degree or higher compared to Europeans, 28.7 percent, Asians, 44.6 percent and Latin Americans, 5.6 percent (Bureau of
What at the moment could be out of the control limit of the Ministry of
Education is the human resource. Quality professors, highly trained and
experienced researchers and consultants have been leaving their positions in
higher learning institutions. Also, staff members of peripheral colleges do
show a tendency to move to those situated closer to the centre. Furthermore
a significant proportion of the staff in most institutions has been targeting
positions out of the country. ...[ ]those that move out of the country are the ones that can
compete in the international market and succeed in securing positions.
Some specific figures may probably tell the story even better.
In Addis Ababa University, Ethiopiaówhere the author worked
for over 10 years ó, of about 20 faculty members of the
physics department who left for Ph. D. studiesóalmost all to the
United states none returned (Teferra, 1997). The same holds
true for Mathematics department at the same university where
the extent of non-returnees continues to force the department
to employ fresh graduates regularly.
It is therefore crucial that the doctrine of human
capital circulation dominated by physical movement
of skilled personnel be dutifully reformulated to
accommodate and mobilize the growing potential of
immigrant African scholars to participate in nation
building virtually as well. Virtual in this particular
context is used to signify skilled immigrant
participation in nation building without physically
relocating them into their native countries where
their expertise is sought.
There is no right or wrong in the part of those of us who left
and immigrated to a foreign land. At this point I am not
defending myself from those who might criticize me. It is true,
as Helina put it, that the best and the brightest are leaving the
country. This is clearly a Brain Drain.
I would like to state my understanding of the problem and offer
several pointers how to change this Brain Drain into a Brain
The computerized tracking system -- called Student and Exchange Visitor Information System, or SEVIS -- is aimed at ensuring that the more than half-million foreign students in the United States take the courses they were approved to take and attend the schools
they told the government they would attend.
Interior Minister Eli Yeshai asked the Cabinet this past week to agree to bring the 17,000 remaining members of the Falashmura in Ethiopia to Israel. The Cabinet rejected the idea, but may reconsider it after the elections.
The immigration of Falashmura from Ethiopia will resume Tuesday through a third country, Avigdor Yitzhaki, the director-general of the Prime Minister's Office, told representatives of the community yesterday. Yitzhaki reached basis an agreement with the Jewish Agency,
which is responsible for bringing the Falashmura to Israel.
All Pennsylvania driver's licenses or photo identification cards issued to foreigners will be stamped "noncitizen" and
will be timed to expire with entry visas, according to antiterrorism provisions of a law signed yesterday by Gov. Schweiker.
Justice officials said the department added Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Eritrea, Lebanon, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Qatar, Somalia, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen to its list for non-immigrant aliens to be fingerprinted prior to entering the United States as part of beefed up efforts to stop attacks on
...[A]few other Websites may try to mislead customers and members of the public
into thinking they are official INS Websites. These Websites may attempt to charge you for
services (such as for INS forms and information on immigration procedures) that are otherwise
free on the INS or another government Website or for services that you do not receive.
More people have come to the Bay Area from Ethiopia than from any other African nation and now number
4,396 in the nine counties, according to the latest data. Since the 1990 census, the local Ethiopian foreign-born
population has grown by 24 percent, with the largest concentrations appearing in Santa Clara County (1,950) and
Alameda County (1,444).
Ethiopia's government is helping launch a campaign to warn women about possible dangers of taking jobs outside the country. The campaign is run by the International Organization for Migration in conjunction with Ethiopia's Ministry of Labor
and Social Affairs and the Women's Affairs Office.
As large as the African communities in New York City are, there has not yet been a large-scale meeting of leaders from these communities that crosses
boundaries of nationality, ethnicity and religion. Several professors the Institute for African Studies at Columbia University,
in conjunction with he African Services Committee of NY, one of the largest providers of social services specifically for
African immigrants, are thus organizing a meeting that will fulfill this purpose...
The New York State Legislature has passed legislation that would allow certain immigrants living in the United States
illegally to pay in-state tuition rates at the City University of New York and the State University of New York. The bill, which the governor had requested and is expected to sign, would reverse policies at both institutions.
The Security and Immigration Authority disclosed that the distribution of Identification cards to Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian Origin has begun in accordance with the proclamation providing them with certain Rights to be exercised in their country
Starting next month, some schools will be able to use the computerized program, known as the Student and Exchange
Visitor Information System, or Sevis. This will eventually put thousands of colleges and trade schools in communication with
the I.N.S. and embassies.
The United States set a cap of 22,000 African refugees for this fiscal year. But after the first seven months, only 651 had
made it in. Even the Middle East and South Asia, also areas of post-Sept. 11 security concerns, have produced about 50
percent more refugees.
Refugees were only allowed to live in camps, where they could receive humanitarian assistance, he [Simon Kipkeu, the
police Officer Commanding Station (OCS) in the Kasarani area of
Nairobi ] said. Kenyan laws only permit refugees to stay out of camps under special circumstances, and only at the request of UNHCR..."Refugees are not supposed to be in Nairobi," he said. "They should be in camps; they are not authorised to be on the streets.
The law is very clear. Who will take care of their needs if they are not in the refugee camps? It means they will be forced to steal for their survival. I don't like that."
"A number of refugees,students, Asians and others have been detained for more than a year with no
provisions of bail or clear explanations of why they have to be deported." Two detainees who have been held at the center for nearly two years are
Ethiopians Gezahgne Seyoum Abebe and his wife, Yewubdar Tsegaye Sailedingel, both of whom are trying to get refugee status.