Ethiopia's Four Species Of Endemic Mammals, Two Species Of Birds Said
Facing Imminent Extinction
Addis Ababa, May 23, 2002 (WIC)- Senior researcher of animal genetic resource at the
Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research (ICBR) said four great mammals and two
bird species which are endemic to Ethiopia are endangered and may soon face extinction
unless urgent conservation action is taken.
The researcher, Yirmedu Demeke told WIC yesterday that the endangered mammals were
Walia Ibex, Ethiopian Wolf, Mountain Nyala and Grevy Zebras (wild donkey) as well as
White-Winged Fluff Tail and Ankober Serin bird species.
He said there are only 514 Walia Ibex, less than 2000 Mountain Nyala, 800 Wild Donkey
population which he said are likely to disappear from the face of the earth unless relentless
effort was exerted to increase their number by over 2500, a base to maintain
wild life existence.
The researcher also said that nine species of big mammal species and 14 bird species were
vulnerable to extinction with 16 birds species seriously threatened.
He said many more small mammal species might have been endangered or extinct as the
study was focused mainly on the larger ones.
He said deterioration of habitat quality through habitat destruction and extermination of wild
life, improper management of land, lack of awareness on the part of the public and the
government, political instability during change of government in1991 as well as institutional
problems were among the major causes for the destruction of wildlife in the country.
He said effective system of wild life management through awareness creation, developing
policy and strategy and update the existing legistlation, as well as promoting wildlife-based
tourism would ensure wildlife resources not only to survive but also to increase their numbers
thereby helping the country benefit from the resource.