ANNOTATED TABLE OF CONTENTS- TechKnowLogia VOL. 2, ISSUE 3, May/June 2000
1. Technology for Basic Education: A Luxury or a Necessity?
Wadi D. Haddad, Editor
If we perceive basic education only in terms of basic literacy, numeracy and
rudimentary life skills, then technology is a luxury. However, basic education
for all in a modern world entails more than the conventional recipe. The new
economic and societal challenges force us to think of basic education as a
learning activity, anytime, anywhere, and for everyone. To achieve that,
technology is a necessity.
2. A Vision for Basic Education in the New Century
Carol Bellamy, Executive Director, UNICEF
All children must have access to school and be able to stay there, in order to
achieve basic education. There must be good quality "second chance" education
for adolescents and youth who have never been in school. There should be a
focus on the needs of those most disadvantaged and excluded from learning, both
in and out of school - girls, working children, children of ethnic minorities, and
children affected by violence and conflict, HIV/AIDS and disabilities.
3. Email to the Editor
Read what your colleagues have offered as feedback on previous issues of
4. Basic Education for All: Global Report Card
Throughout this past decade, many countries have made concerted and significant
efforts toward the goal of basic education for all. The results constitute a
mixed picture of many successes and as many obstacles. This article provides an
overview of the state of basic education across the globe.
5. Literacy, Technological Literacy and the Digital Divide
Daniel A. Wagner, Director and Professor, International Literacy Institute,
University of Pennsylvania & UNESCO
The changing standards of literacy and technological literacy will likely
produce a situation in which a digital divide will persist well into the future.
However, in the area of information and communication technology use and access,
we can take steps that will narrow this gap, but only by paying special
attention to literacy issues.
6. Multi-grade Schools and Technology
Laurence Wolff and Norma Garcia, Inter-American Development Bank
Multi-grade schools will not disappear but are essential for achieving basic
education for all. There are proven methodologies for making the multi-grade
school a modern, progressive and effective vehicle for learning. Existing and
new technologies ought to be exploited to implement these
Governor Would Give Every Student a Laptop ? A Virtual Revolution in Teaching ?
First 'Digital Divide' Bill Passes Senate ? Presentation of World View
Information System for Basic Education NGOs in Africa and South Asia ? A
Bilingual Descriptive Database of 850 Education Projects in Africa, Now
Accessible Online! ? Technology Critic Takes on Computers in School ? Internet
Improves Kids' Attitude to School ? Children Tutoring Seniors at Internet Skills
TECHNOLOGIES AT WORK
8. The Watering Hole: Creating Learning Communities with Computers
Mary Fontaine with Richard Fuchs, The LearnLink Project, Academy for Educational
Throughout the developing world, there is evidence that telecenters-a.k.a.
Community Learning Centers-may be starting to create a social context for
learning in the post-industrial economy. If the conviviality, sociability and
cohesion of the "watering hole" can be brought to the business of learning, then
the business of education and development will have done its job.
9. Interactive Mathematics for Basic Education: The Venezuelan Experience with
Nora Ghetea Jaegerman and Victor Vasquez R.
This article describes an interactive radio instruction program in Venezuela for
mathematics at the lower primary school level. Program accomplishments are
summarized in the areas of production, implementation and evaluation.
10. Ethiopia: Educational Radio and Television
Thomas D. Tilson, Chief of Party, USAID.BESO Project
Demissew Bekele, General Manager, Educational Media Agency, Ethiopia
Ethiopia is fortunate to have a well-established and integrated system for using
radio and television to support education based on over 30 years of experience.
This article describes present radio and television programs that support
primary, secondary and non-formal education as well as teacher training. It also
highlights experience with digital radio.
11. Education for All - The Mass Media Formula
David Walker and Gajaraj Dhanarajan, The Commonwealth of Learning
In order to empower disadvantaged groups as equal partners in development, the
limitations of formal and non-formal education are now being challenged. New
ways to achieve mass education, that can be both efficient and effective, are
being sought. This article describes the track record of community radio, the
possibilities of going digital and the need for a new paradigm to reform
broadcast licensing and regulating.
12. Computers for Children: From the Beaches of California to the Slums of India
This article describes what happens when children encounter a computer for the
first time. Do the children immediately interact with the computer, as if
"equipped" with innate instructions for its use? Do they learn slowly, through
trial and error? How far can they go without an adult's
13. Status Report 1: Applying New Technologies in Basic Education
Hilary Perraton and Charlotte Creed, International Research Foundation for Open
This article provides an overview of the introduction, use, effectiveness and
cost of different technologies for basic education worldwide.
14. Status Report 2: Textbook and Learning Materials: Today and Tomorrow
This article analyzes the importance of textbooks and instructional materials,
and provides an overview of their availability, quality and modes of provision.
It also outlines future trends and offers recommendations resulting from a
PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGIES
15. Information Systems for Education Management
Kurt Moses, Vice President, Academy for Educational Development
This article describes a framework for the use of information technology to
create an education information system that meets the needs for information at
three levels: policy, management and operations. The article walks the reader
through software that illustrates this framework.
16. South Africa: Teacher Training in the Sky
Claire Brown, Violet Sithole & Robert Hofmeyr, Shoma Education Foundation, South
This article describes a model of leveraging digital satellite technology to
enhance the professional development of teachers, and outlines the positive and
negative experiences in applying it in South Africa.
17. On the Move
Upcoming Events: Conference, Seminars, Exhibits, Training Courses, etc.
18. How to Evaluate Educational Software and Websites
Gregg B. Jackson, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Coordinator, George Washington
There are approximately 20,000 educational software packages and many thousand
educational websites throughout the world. How can you decide what is good and
what is a waste of time?
19. Recycling Computers: A Simple Solution for a Complex Problem
This article describes ways by which outdated computers in government and
business offices can be recycled into schools. The issue, however, is that most
computers that are being discarded no longer have software installed, and newer
software packages do not work on them. The article describes software
that restores the core functionality of old computers.
Gregg B. Jackson, Vishnu Karki, and Sole McKinnon, George Washington University
The World Wide Web now offers extensive resources that can be useful in basic
education. This Issue lists a wide range of sites that can be used by teachers
or parents, and some that are intended to be used by the learners themselves to
supplement their other educational activities.
21. Virtual Presentations: Wasting No Time
This article describes technologies that allow you to take your prepared
materials and your notes on the whiteboard and broadcast them over the web.
22. Tablets Are Back: Light and Fun
A new series of digital devices are changing the ways we can produce information
and keep the best of both worlds: the soft touch of a pen, and the many
resources of a computer. These devices allow us to write and draw in
traditional ways, sometimes using pen and paper, while creating digital copies
our notes and drawings that can be stored, copied, faxed, e-mailed, printed,
23. Copying as You Go: Making Scanning Easier
For teachers, presenters, and students, scanners offer an easy way to
incorporate images into a presentation and enliven an otherwise dry exchange of
information. The article describes an array of portable and handheld scanners
with multiple functions.
PROFILES IN DEVELOPMENT
24. UNICEF and New Technologies
UNICEF launched two web sites; for youth and for teachers. UNICEF is also
supporting Internet use for open learning. At the same time, it will continue to
explore low-cost, accessible alternatives for peoples who cannot afford to pay
for hi-tech resources, and who cannot access technology through using
25. From Jomtien to Dakar and Beyond
Svein Osttveit, Executive Secretary of the Education for All Forum
The author describes the beginnings of the Education for All movement in
Jomtien, Thailand in 1990, the biggest stocktaking of education in history
leading to the World Education Forum in Dakar in April 2000, the Dakar framework
for Action and the role of technology.
26. Academy for Educational Development: Connecting People - Creating Change
Stephen Moseley, President, Academy for Educational Development
The Academy for Educational Development (AED) is an independent, nonprofit
organization committed to solving critical social problems in the United States
and throughout the world through education, research, training, social
marketing, policy analysis, and innovative program design and management. AED
works at the frontiers of new thinking, new approaches, and new technologies.
27. The Commonwealth of Learning
What is the Commonwealth? What is the Commonwealth of learning? " Our long-term
aim is that any learner, anywhere in the Commonwealth, shall be able to study
any distance-teaching program."