1. Technology for Basic Education: A Luxury or a Necessity?

          Wadi D. Haddad, Editor


          If we perceive basic education only in terms of basic literacy, numeracy and

          rudimentary life skills, then technology is a luxury. However, basic education

          for all in a modern world entails more than the conventional recipe. The new

          economic and societal challenges force us to think of basic education as a

           learning activity, anytime, anywhere, and for everyone. To achieve that,

          technology is a necessity.


          2. A Vision for Basic Education in the New Century

          Carol Bellamy, Executive Director, UNICEF


          All children must have access to school and be able to stay there, in order to

          achieve basic education. There must be good quality "second chance" education

          for adolescents and youth who have never been in school.  There should be a

          focus on the needs of those most disadvantaged and excluded from learning, both

          in and out of school - girls, working children, children of ethnic minorities, and

          children affected by violence and conflict, HIV/AIDS and disabilities.


          3. Email to the Editor


          Read what your colleagues have offered as feedback on previous issues of





          4. Basic Education for All: Global Report Card


          Throughout this past decade, many countries have made concerted and significant

          efforts toward the goal of basic education for all.  The results constitute a

          mixed picture of many successes and as many obstacles.  This article provides an

          overview of the state of basic education across the globe.


          5. Literacy, Technological Literacy and the Digital Divide

          Daniel A. Wagner, Director and Professor, International Literacy Institute,

          University of Pennsylvania & UNESCO


          The changing standards of literacy and technological literacy will likely

          produce a situation in which a digital divide will persist well into the future.

          However, in the area of information and communication technology use and access,

          we can take steps that will narrow this gap, but only by paying special

           attention to literacy issues.


          6. Multi-grade Schools and Technology

          Laurence Wolff and Norma Garcia, Inter-American Development Bank


          Multi-grade schools will not disappear but are essential for achieving basic

          education for all. There are proven methodologies for making the multi-grade

          school a modern, progressive and effective vehicle for learning. Existing and

          new technologies ought to be exploited to implement these



          7. TechKnowNews


          Governor Would Give Every Student a Laptop ? A Virtual Revolution in Teaching ?

          First 'Digital Divide' Bill Passes Senate ? Presentation of World View

          Information System for Basic Education NGOs in Africa and South Asia ? A

          Bilingual Descriptive Database of 850 Education Projects in Africa, Now

           Accessible Online! ? Technology Critic Takes on Computers in School ? Internet

          Improves Kids' Attitude to School ? Children Tutoring Seniors at Internet Skills




          8. The Watering Hole: Creating Learning Communities with Computers

          Mary Fontaine with Richard Fuchs, The LearnLink Project, Academy for Educational



          Throughout the developing world, there is evidence that telecenters-a.k.a.

          Community Learning Centers-may be starting to create a social context for

          learning in the post-industrial economy.  If the conviviality, sociability and

          cohesion of the "watering hole" can be brought to the business of learning, then

           the business of education and development will have done its job.


          9. Interactive Mathematics for Basic Education: The Venezuelan Experience with


          Nora Ghetea Jaegerman and Victor Vasquez R.


          This article describes an interactive radio instruction program in Venezuela for

          mathematics at the lower primary school level. Program accomplishments are

          summarized in the areas of production, implementation and evaluation.


          10. Ethiopia: Educational Radio and Television

          Thomas D. Tilson, Chief of Party, USAID.BESO Project

          Demissew Bekele, General Manager, Educational Media Agency, Ethiopia


          Ethiopia is fortunate to have a well-established and integrated system for using

          radio and television to support education based on over 30 years of experience.

          This article describes present radio and television programs that support

          primary, secondary and non-formal education as well as teacher training. It also

           highlights experience with digital radio.


          11. Education for All - The Mass Media Formula

          David Walker and Gajaraj Dhanarajan, The Commonwealth of Learning


          In order to empower disadvantaged groups as equal partners in development, the

          limitations of formal and non-formal education are now being challenged. New

          ways to achieve mass education, that can be both efficient and effective, are

          being sought. This article describes the track record of community radio, the

           possibilities of going digital and the need for a new paradigm to reform

          broadcast licensing and regulating.


          12. Computers for Children: From the Beaches of California to the Slums of India

          Sonia Jurich


          This article describes what happens when children encounter a computer for the

          first time.  Do the children immediately interact with the computer, as if

          "equipped" with innate instructions for its use?  Do they learn slowly, through

          trial and error?  How far can they go without an adult's





          13. Status Report 1: Applying New Technologies in Basic Education

          Hilary Perraton and Charlotte Creed, International Research Foundation for Open



          This article provides an overview of the introduction, use, effectiveness and

          cost of different technologies for basic education worldwide.


          14. Status Report 2: Textbook and Learning Materials: Today and Tomorrow


          This article analyzes the importance of textbooks and instructional materials,

          and provides an overview of their availability, quality and modes of provision.

          It also outlines future trends and offers recommendations resulting from a

          worldwide survey.




          15. Information Systems for Education Management

          Kurt Moses, Vice President, Academy for Educational Development


          This article describes a framework for the use of information technology to

          create an education information system that meets the needs for information at

          three levels: policy, management and operations. The article walks the reader

          through software that illustrates this framework.


          16. South Africa: Teacher Training in the Sky

          Claire Brown, Violet Sithole & Robert Hofmeyr, Shoma Education Foundation, South



          This article describes a model of leveraging digital satellite technology to

          enhance the professional development of teachers, and outlines the positive and

          negative experiences in applying it in South Africa.


          17. On the Move


          Upcoming Events: Conference, Seminars, Exhibits, Training Courses, etc.




          18. How to Evaluate Educational Software and Websites

          Gregg B. Jackson, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Coordinator, George Washington



          There are approximately 20,000 educational software packages and many thousand

          educational websites throughout the world.   How can you decide what is good and

          what is a waste of time?


          19. Recycling Computers: A Simple Solution for a Complex Problem

          Sonia Jurich


          This article describes ways by which outdated computers in government and

          business offices can be recycled into schools. The issue, however, is that most

          computers that are being discarded no longer have software installed, and newer

          software packages do not work on them. The article describes software

           that restores the core functionality of old computers.


          20. WorthWhileWebs

          Gregg B. Jackson, Vishnu Karki, and Sole McKinnon, George Washington University


          The World Wide Web now offers extensive resources that can be useful in basic

          education. This Issue lists a wide range of sites that can be used by teachers

          or parents, and some that are intended to be used by the learners themselves to

          supplement their other educational activities.




          21. Virtual Presentations: Wasting No Time

          Jelena Lewis


          This article describes technologies that allow you to take your prepared

          materials and your notes on the whiteboard and broadcast them over the web.


          22. Tablets Are Back: Light and Fun

          Rafael Chargel


          A new series of digital devices are changing the ways we can produce information

          and keep the best of both worlds: the soft touch of a pen, and the many

          resources of a computer.  These devices allow us to write and draw in

          traditional ways, sometimes using pen and paper, while creating digital copies


           our notes and drawings that can be stored, copied, faxed, e-mailed, printed,

          and modified.


          23. Copying as You Go: Making Scanning Easier

          Jelena Lewis


          For teachers, presenters, and students, scanners offer an easy way to

          incorporate images into a presentation and enliven an otherwise dry exchange of

          information. The article describes an array of portable and handheld scanners

          with multiple functions.




          24. UNICEF and New Technologies


          UNICEF launched two web sites; for youth and for teachers. UNICEF is also

          supporting Internet use for open learning. At the same time, it will continue to

          explore low-cost, accessible alternatives for peoples who cannot afford to pay

          for hi-tech resources, and who cannot access technology through using

           hi-tech tools.


          25. From Jomtien to Dakar and Beyond

          Svein Osttveit, Executive Secretary of the Education for All Forum


          The author describes the beginnings of the Education for All movement in

          Jomtien, Thailand in 1990, the biggest stocktaking of education in history

          leading to the World Education Forum in Dakar in April 2000, the Dakar framework

          for Action and the role of technology.


          26. Academy for Educational Development: Connecting People - Creating Change

          Stephen Moseley, President, Academy for Educational Development


          The Academy for Educational Development (AED) is an independent, nonprofit

          organization committed to solving critical social problems in the United States

          and throughout the world through education, research, training, social

          marketing, policy analysis, and innovative program design and management. AED

           works at the frontiers of new thinking, new approaches, and new technologies.


          27. The Commonwealth of Learning


          What is the Commonwealth? What is the Commonwealth of learning? " Our long-term

          aim is that any learner, anywhere in the Commonwealth, shall be able to study

          any distance-teaching program."